Source: Poker PRO Magazine.com
In the case of a misdeal, the deal will be adjusted so that the correct players receive the cards that they are entitled to in the hand. If play has already started and more than one player has acted on their hand, the deal stands as is and should be played through.
The following situations are considered misdeals:
• Exposed cards on the first or second deal by the fault of the dealer, or if the dealer exposes two or more cards at any point in the deal.
• In the opening hand of a game, if more than two extra cards are dealt
• When more than two cards are incorrectly faced (boxed) in the deck.
• When an active player is dealt out or an empty seat at the table is dealt in.
• Cards are dealt out of sequence or the first deal begins with the wrong player, including in the case of the button being out of position.
• If a player is dealt the incorrect number of cards, unless it can be corrected without a change in card sequence.
Cards will always be considered dead if they are marked or damaged in some way. This is done to prevent any cheating or collusion between players.
If a player chooses to muck their cards, the hand is automatically declared dead. The exception to this rule is if a player chose to muck their hand following incorrect information, and the hand is identifiable without question in the pile. This is a discretionary rule, decided by the house.
• Once a player declares a fold, the hand is automatically dead.
• When a player bets on a hand that includes a Joker as a hole card in a game where Jokers are not live cards.
• If a player throws down their hand in a manner that leads others to believe they have folded, and another player moves along with the action. In stud, this is applicable if the upcards are turned over or removed from the table.
• If cards are thrown into another player’s hand, they are ruled dead, in any case.
• If a player’s hand contains an incorrect number of cards, it will be considered dead. There are game-specific exceptions to this rule, as in lowball and stud poker rules.
• When the time limit expires without action in a timed play game, the hand is considered dead.
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